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Fire Prevention Policy - 2015

The fire prevention policy was established to to identifiy policies and procedures for fire department personnel for fire prevention, public education programs and activities as a primary means of protecting lives and property from fire and to maintain compliance with the minimum fire prevention and public education activities as required by the Fire Protection and Prevention Act. Click on the following to view the entire policy document.

Fire Prevention Policy

Smoke Alarms

The Fire Code of Ontario makes it mandatory for each home to have a working “Smoke Alarm” on each story and outside of sleeping areas.

Working Smoke Detectors

Carbon Monoxide Alarms

The Ontario Regulation relating to Carbon Monoxide Alarms was enacted on October 15, 2014 and came into effect on April 15, 2015.  This regulation requires that all buildings that contain no more than six suites of residential occupancy comply with the installation and replacement requirements.  Carbon monoxide alarms will now be required near all sleeping areas in residential homes and in the service rooms, and adjacent sleeping areas in multi-residential units. Carbon monoxide alarms can be hardwired, battery-operated or plugged into the wall. 

Testing and Replacing

  • Landlords are responsible for installing and maintaining CO alarms in their rental units
  • Landlords are required to test CO alarms in rental units annually and when the battery is replaced, changes are made to the electric circuit or a change of tenancy occurs.
  • It is against the law for tenants to remove the batteries or tamper with CO alarms in any way.
  • Test CO alarms every month by pressing the test button.
  • Replace batteries every year.

Replace CO alarms according to manufacturer's instructions.

Carbon Monoxide Locations

 For additional information respecting this Ontario Regulation, please contact Tracy Easterbrook, Fire Prevention Officer for the Township of Stone Mills as 613 378 2475 or by email at:  fireprevention@stonemills.com

Heating Appliances

In accordance with Section 2.6.1.4 of the Ontario Fire Code and in respect to home heating applicances:
Every chimney, flue and flue pipe shall be inspected to identify any dangerous condition
(a) at intervals not greater than 12 months,
(b) at the time of addition of any appliance, and
(c) after any chimney fire.
 

Electrical Fires

Fires and other damage can occurr from electricity when the Electrical Code is not followed, when contractors take shortcuts or from damages to electrical services or wiring during renovations or general usage.  Contact the Electrical Safety Authority for useful information and tips on making your home, yard or worksite safe from risks associated with electricity.

Winter Preparation Checklist

The Winter Preparation Checklist was developed to help prevent fires resulting from the use of heating appliances and chimneys in our homes during the fall and winter seasons.  Download and distribute as required.

Fire Prevention On The Farm

A barn fire is a farmer’s worst nightmare and often, it brings significant emotional and economic damage to a farming community. Ontario Fire Marshall (OFM) data indicates that dollar losses on farm properties affected by fire range from $20 million in 2002 to $29 million in 2004. There are many steps that can be taken to establish a good fire prevention plan to reduce the risk of fire on farm properties. The following information outlines simple measures to ensure farm buildings and livestock are safe from fire. These fires are largely preventable by following good fire safety practices.

How Fires Start

Fires require three elements: oxygen, fuel and heat. Farm buildings are particularly susceptible to fast moving fires because they are well ventilated. Barns and farm buildings provide a plentiful fuel supply for fires to start and grow: the buildings themselves are constructed of wood and house solid fuels such as hay, straw and grain. The final element, the heat source, can take the form of sunlight, friction, electricity, open flame, gas compression and/or chemical reactions. Measures on how to help prevent farm fires are outlined below.
 
Prevention
 

START WITH A PLAN: It is a good idea to contact your local fire department to find out how to effectively prevent fire on your farm. Most fire departments will visit your farm and identify areas where the risk of fires can be decreased.  They will also provide advice on access routes to all areas of your property.  Use this information to develop a plan for your farm. Introduce the plan to everyone who frequents your farm and ensure that procedures are up to date and practiced. If possible, make arrangements with neighboring farmers to provide shelter for your livestock if the event they need to be evacuated from your farm.

ABSOLUTELY NO SMOKING: There should be no smoking permitted in any barn or farm building at any time. Strictly enforce a no smoking policy by posting signs and informing people who work or visit with you. Ensure that cigarettes are extinguished thoroughly in a safe location prior to entering the barn or farm buildings.

PRACTICE GOOD HOUSEKEEPING IN THE BARN: Keeping a clean, organized barn is not only crucial to farm life: it is an excellent way to prevent fires from occurring. Loose hay and straw should be swept up. After using hay drops, always cover the opening with plywood, or better yet, cover the plywood with flame-retardant, one-hour gypsum board.

PROVIDE ADEQUATE VENTILATION: Chemical reactions, found in baled, damp hay, can be a cause for barn fires. Mows of tightly packed bales do not allow this build-up of heat to dissipate. Smoldering fires can go unnoticed for some time. Spontaneous combustion can occur when the smoldering fire has reached a high temperature and is exposed to oxygen, resulting in a full-blown fire. Store dry hay in barns and monitor the internal temperature of hay bales. Hazardous products should also be stored in well-ventilated areas to reduce risk of fire.

PRACTICE ELECTRICAL SAFETY: ‘Electrical malfunctions’ are a leading cause of fires. Wires should be enclosed in metal or PVC conduit (pipe) to protect them from exposure to weather, animals, and from mechanical damage from machinery and equipment. Keep combustibles away from heating appliances, and never leave them unattended. Regular cleaning of electrical appliances and equipment will prevent build-up of dirt and dust, which can contribute to overheating and malfunction. A regular maintenance cycle can also identify worn or defective parts, which can be repaired or replaced before they become a problem.

INSTALL AND MAINTAIN LIGHTNING RODS AND GROUNDING CABLES: Lightning can enter a building via metal objects such as antennas, cupolas or anything that extends upward. Lightning rods are the best solution to preventing lightning-source fires. These rods give lightning a direct path to follow to the ground, keeping your barn and the livestock inside safe. Check grounding cables frequently and repair if worn or damaged.

KEEP YARD AREAS FREE OF BRUSH AND DEBRIS: Clear the immediate areas surrounding all barns and farm buildings by removing brush, debris and machinery. Remove weeds and trim/prune under trees and bushes. Keep grass along a roadway closely mowed (a motorist’s stray cigarette could be a source for fire).

REFUEL EQUIPMENT SAFELY: Refueling tractors and machinery should be done well away from buildings: so flammable vapours can dissipate. Always refuel equipment outdoors, away from open flames and sparks. Make sure engines or motors are turned off and cool before refueling.

INSTALL AND MAINTAIN PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS: Install fire extinguishers in your barn, tool shed and other farm buildings. You should also have fire extinguishers on all mechanical equipment and machinery. Make sure that family members and farm employees know where the extinguishers are located and how to use them. Inspect your extinguishers regularly and recharge when necessary. Consult your local fire department for advice on the type, rating, and location of extinguishers. If you have water type fire extinguishers, protect them from freezing.

MAKE SURE EVERYONE FOLLOWS THE RULES: Ensure anyone visiting or working on the property learns and obeys the fire safety rules.

SPREAD THE WORD: Visit neighbouring farms and share what you know. Ask other farmers what kind of fire safety measures they have taken and participate in the exchange of information and ideas. Ensure your neighbours know your farm’s municipal address and vice versa – it could be their call that saves your farm!

Fire Prevention On The Farm was developed with the assistance of the Perth East Fire Department and the Farm Safety Association.

Make Your Hunt Camp as Safe as Your Home

In Case of Fire, Smoke Alarms and CO Detectors Save lives

In the fall of the year, across the province, thousands of hunters take up temporary residence in their camps and cabins. The Fire Department reminds hunters and others enjoying their rural properties to put the same fire prevention measures into place at their cabins as they have at home.  Time at the camp is a precious opportunity to recharge our batteries and enjoy our hunting traditions with friends and family," said Mike Reader. Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters Executive Director. "Hunters are extremely responsible when it comes to firearms safety, and we need to be just as safety-minded when it comes to protecting ourselves. our loved ones, and our natural surroundings from the devastation of a fire."

The following tips will help ensure a safe, enjoyable stay at the camp or cabin:

  • Ensure there are working smoke alarms and change the battery at least once a year;
  • Solve nuisance alarms by installing a smoke alarm with a hush button;
  • Ensure wood stoves and propane appliances are installed to code requirements;
  • Keep combustibles well away fom stoves and propane fired appliances; and
  • If it is necessary to plug extension cords into appliances, ensure they
  • are of a gauge capable of handling the electrical load.

 

 

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